This is most likely a conservative estimate. Sri Lanka. So in practice, the Chinese renminbi remained effectively anchored to the U. September Bank of Indonesia. That said, it is unlikely that technology alone could alter the landscape enough to completely offset the long-standing reasons the dollar has been dominant. If fiscal integration progresses and a large, liquid market for EU bonds develops, the euro could become more attractive as a reserve currency. Retrieved 16 December Chinese renmimbi is 0 until Return to text 8.
Return to text 2. Retrieved 28 December October 06, The International Role of the U. Retrieved 13 January The five countries with the largest foreign exchange reserves almost all have reserves of at least billion USD and higher and have maintained such an amount for at least a week. Thus, while countries have diversified their reserve holdings somewhat over the past two decades, the dollar remains by far the dominant reserve currency. This puts the dollar well ahead of the euro, whose share is 23 percent. A shifting payments 创建一家外汇公司 Create a Forex Company
could also pose a challenge to the U. South Korea. Return to text 8. Retrieved 17 November Bank Negara Malaysia. Sierra Leone. Thus, it provides an alternative temporary source of U. Czech National Bank. European Union ECB. Retrieved 1 February
Trinidad and Tobago. Monetary Authority of Macao. Retrieved 22 August Saint Lucia. Retrieved 13 March 外汇额度限制 Foreign exchange quota limit
23 July Figure 3a. Retrieved 25 August Retrieved 20 February At current exchange rates. Return to text 4. Data are quarterly and extend from Q4 through Q1. From Q4the data was expanded to include renminbi RMB. Burkina Faso. Solomon Islands. Data are annual and extend from through Return to text 8. Share of foreign currency debt issuance. Because one currency is purchased and another currency is sold in FX transactions, each trade is counted twice, so the sum of the FX transactions measure is percent. Retrieved 16 December Le Mezo, A. However, over a longer horizon there is more risk of a challenge to the dollar's international status, and some recent developments have the potential to boost the international usage of other currencies. September Sveriges Riksbank. However, in popular usage and in the list below, cpt 外汇 cpt forex
also includes gold reservesspecial drawing rights SDRs and International Monetary Fund IMF reserve position because this total figure, which is usually more accurately termed as official reserves or international reserves or official international reserves, is more readily available and also arguably more meaningful. Treasuries 3b. Some nations are converting foreign-exchange reserves into sovereign wealth fundswhich can rival foreign-exchange reserves in size. Retrieved 27 July